Anatoly Zak

Anatoly Zak is a publisher of RussianSpaceWeb.com and the author of "Russia in Space: the Past Explained, the Future Explored."

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Russia's Soyuz Spacecraft Could Find New Life as a Lunar Taxi

Russia might return to its legendary Soyuz spacecraft as the vehicle of choice in the international effort to explore the Moon.

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USSR space laser
The Soviet Laser Space Pistol, Revealed
The USSR honestly did try to build a handheld laser pistol for cosmonauts to carry. It never made it to orbit, though—that we kno…
Ukraine Is Building a Spaceplane for...Saudi Arabia?

Actual test facilities and experimental hardware point to a spacecraft that's much more fact than fiction.

Russia's Space Agency Might Break Up With the U.S. To Get With China

After almost three decades of cooperation, Roscosmos is now eyeing a future in space with China.

Russia Is Now Working on a Super Heavy Rocket of Its Own

The spiritual successor to Russia's largest rockets plans to fly in 2028.

This Was a Huge Week for the NASA-Russia Lunar Space Station and the Future of Spaceflight

Major discussions in Tokyo this past week could decide the future of space exploration for decades to come.

Russia's Plan To Build a Luxury Hotel on the ISS

And you can go...if you have $40 million.

Russia Won't Tell NASA What It's Sending to the ISS

Russia is sending up an experiment and NASA doesn't know what it is.

The Rocket That Launched Sputnik and Started the Space Race

Everyone remembers the 185-pound silver satellite that kickstarted the space race, but what about the rocket that got it there?

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How Sputnik Worked

Sixty years later, and humanity's first satellite remains one of its most important.

Russia Will Team Up with NASA to Build a Lunar Space Station

Russia will soon announce its involvement with NASA's cislunar space station.

Long Abandoned Soviet Tech Might Help China Land on the Moon

Shelved more than 40 years ago, the Soviet LK lander could help build the space boat that ferries China's astronauts to the Moon.

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Here Is NASA's Plan for a Space Station That Orbits the Moon

This new base would provide humanity with its first foothold to future human missions to the moon, Mars, and beyond.

After a Decade of Delays, Russia's ISS Module Faces Even More Problems

Russia's next big piece of the ISS hits with another snag just a few months before launch.

This Is NASA's Plan For Humanity's Return to the Moon, and Beyond

A decades-long plan that could end with humans finally reaching the Red Planet.

Russia's 50-Year Spacecraft Almost Died Before It Was Born
On November 28, 1966, Russia launched its first unmanned Soyuz spacecraft, a design still integral to humanity's exploration of space t…
Why NASA May Take the First Cosmonaut to the Moon

The big space agencies are planning their next project together—a human outpost that orbits the moon.

A First Peek at Russia's New Space Cargo Ship
Roskosmos needs a new spacecraft if it's going to keep three cosmonauts on the International Space Station. Here's what it might look l…
U.S. and Russian Scientists Are Making Plans to Go Back to the Moon Together

What US-Russian cooperation in space might look like in ten years: a moon base.

Russia's Workhorse Soyuz Space Taxi Gets a Makeover

This ship that ferries astronauts and cosmonauts to the ISS is getting some new bells and whistles.

The Russian Plan To Spin Off a New Space Station From the ISS

The end of the International Space Station may not be the end after all.

Declassified Photos of the Soviet Union's Space Dogs

Half a century later, a rare look back at the canines who paved the way for humans in space.

Russian Launch Inaugurates New Spaceport

The world stared at a disabled web feed while the Soyuz took off from Vostochny.

Putin's New Spaceport Will Launch Its First Rocket

Russia's dream of having a new launch site within its borders is finally realized. Now Roskosmos just need some rockets to fire.

<p>At 36 to 72 trillion degrees F, it would be hard to top the region around&nbsp;<a href="http://seniorhelpline.info/space/deep-space/a20351/quasar-temperature/" data-tracking-id="recirc-text-link">Quasar 3C 273</a><span class="redactor-invisible-space" data-verified="redactor" data-redactor-tag="span" data-redactor-class="redactor-invisible-space">, a region so hot that it stretches the limits of what was thought possible for plasma. This could be because the plasma is made of a particle other than electrons — in this case, possibly protons.&nbsp;<span class="redactor-invisible-space" data-verified="redactor" data-redactor-tag="span" data-redactor-class="redactor-invisible-space"></span></span></p><p><span class="redactor-invisible-space" data-verified="redactor" data-redactor-tag="span" data-redactor-class="redactor-invisible-space">Incidentally, 3C 273 was the first quasar ever identified. At first, scientists didn't know what they were, especially as this one was erratic and powerful. But we've since discovered them to be the active supermassive black holes at the center of galaxies.</span></p>
Scientists Can't Explain These Trillion-Degree Quasars

Russian space telescope reveals a quasar whose absurd temperature cannot be explained.

Did ExoMars Narrowly Escape a Launch Disaster?

Europe and Russia's new Mars mission is on its way to the Red Planet, but not before a hair-raising turn during the launch.

Russia Lights It's Rockets With a Giant Match

The totally 1950s design that ignites the Soyuz.

A fully assembled Mir space station as seen by the crew of the Space Shuttle Atlantis during mission STS-81 in January 1997.
Why Mir Mattered More Than You Think

Thirty years ago, the first piece of the notorious (but revolutionary) Russian space station Mir went into orbit.

The Forgotten Soviet Moon Base, Revealed
The earliest plans for the Soviet outpost on the Moon sported a soil-drilling habitat and rocket-fuel-burning internal combustion engin…
Revealed: Russia's Crewed Lunar Lander
For the first time since the end of the Moon Race, Russian engineers have quietly begun working on a lunar lander capable of carrying c…